Malaria Parasite Life Cycle in Kids


For developing countries like India, Malaria is one of the basic health damaging problems. In this regard, proper diagnosis begins with clinical suspicion. The symptom of Malaria includes fever with shivering which can be worsened by headache.

In anaemic patient, the symptoms may be different and their effect can vary. In children, during malaria,  respiratory distress and rapidly progressing cerebral that manifests as altered sensorium and seizures can occur. So it can be dangerous for the health of infants and babies.

malaria-parasite-life-cycle-

However, thanks to the medical advancements that has occurred in past few years and as treatments are possible these days.  Treatment can be based on supportive care and intensive care measures that are available to cure children with complicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria infection. Various medical regimens that are available include guanidine, clindycyline, and proguanil etc.

Epidemiology

Malaria is basically a kind of fever which spreads through “Anopheles mosquitoes”. We have four different species that infects humans these are:

  • Plasmodium falciparum
  • Plasmodium vivax
  • Plasmodium ovale
  • Plasmodium malaria

Here vivax and ovale both effects are too dangerous that can become dormant in the liver, forming hypnozoites that may emerge months to many years.

Out of these four types, Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium ovale are the most dangerous one. The Malaria parasite life cycle involves two hosts in human. During the blood meal female Anopheles mosquito inoculates sporozoites into the human body . The infection releases thousands of antigens/ proteins to the human immune system.

Malaria Parasite life-cycle

In Malaria parasite life-cycle mosquito causes an infection by a bite. In the first step “sporozoites” enter in the bloodstream and then enters into the liver, they infect and damage the liver cells and in next step-they multiply into “merozoites”. They repute the liver cells and return to the bloodstream.

Plasmodium facts:

Plasmodium is also known as the malaria parasite. There are near or above 200 species. Here parasite spreads large genus of parasitic protozoa. A deadly disease widely spreads in the tropics. The parasite usually has two hosts in its whole life cycle these are:

  • A mosquito vector
  • Vertebrate host

This life cycle is too complicated and tricky. We will find different stages in the vector and in host both. These stages include;

  • In the first stage sporozoites are injected by the mosquito vector into the host’s blood.
  • Here hypnozoites are present which may survive dormant and undetected  in the liver for up to 30 years or more.
  • Next in this regard are merozites which infect the blood cells erythrocytes of the blood.
  • Next are trophozoites which grow in the red blood cells and immediately divide there.
  • Next are gametes which fertilize each other to form motile.
  • Next in this regard are zygotes which escape the gut only to grow for the cycle of its production.

The list goes on and learning about them cannot protect our kids from mosquitoes and malaria. It is necessary as a parent that you take care of your kids and use maximum resources and different ways to protect them from mosquito bites.

You can use spray, cream, and oil to keep the mosquitoes away but these things give a bad smell and not really friendly to kids. For kids friendly mosquito repellent you should buy natural mosquito repellent from Safe-O-Kids which included patches, stickers, and bands. These kids-friendly mosquito repellent can be used indoor and outdoor while your kids playing.

About Safe-O-Kid Mosquito Repellant Products (A Part of Baby Safety Inc)

Safe-O-Kid has a wide range of mosquito repellent products that are devoid of any kind of hazardous chemicals and are manufactured keeping in mind the need of the babies.

These are the safest means to protect your little angels from the dangerous infection of malaria parasites. No matter whether they are in the home or you take them out for a little walk these products will safeguard them round the clock. The products are designed especially for kids and are tested by international experts for lasting effectiveness and zero side effects.

Being a brand totally dedicated to children’s safety, Safe-O-Kid does NOT use any ingredients harmful for kids (No Eucalyptus extracts and No DEET/ Picardin/Alcohol like chemicals) as such ingredients might interfere with child’s nervous and respiratory systems and cause discomfort or severe side effects like seizures.

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